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Dr Kevin Munro  PhD, MSc

Photograph of Kevin Munro

Ewing Professor of Audiology

School of Psychological Sciences
A3.11 Ellen Wilkinson Building 
University of Manchester
Oxford Road
M13 9PL


Kevin J Munro is Ewing Professor of Audiology within the School of Psychological Sciences (SPS). He is also an Honorary Consultant Clinical Scientist in Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust.

He is head of the Audiology and Deafness (A&D) research group within SPS. The A&D research group aspires to be the leading centre in the UK and a world leader in three broad areas:

  • Bridging basic and translational hearing research

  • Innovative research that translates basic underpinning research into direct benefit to people who have a hearing dysfunction

  • Research that underpins and delivers improved services in health care and education for adults and children with a hearing loss.

Our research underpins, and is informed by, our leading role in audiology education and audiological service delivery in the UK. Our multidisciplinary research team includes professionals in audiology, deaf education and medicine, in addition to scientists’ expert in psychophysics, electrophysiology, signal processing and neural imaging.  Our research is currently grouped into five themes although there is some overlap.  There are also a number of cross-cutting stands including electrophysiological and psychophysical methodologies.

  1. Coding and processing [Theme Lead, Professor Chris Plack]

  2. Clinical assessment and management [Theme Lead, Dr Kai Uus]

  3. Plasticity and ageing [Theme Lead, Professor Kevin J Munro]

  4. Auditory devices and technology [Theme Lead, Dr Michael Stone]

  5. Improving service delivery [Theme Lead, Professor Wendy McCracken]

Kevin J Munro leads the research theme on Plasticity and ageing. This theme is concerned with understanding the changes that occur over time in the auditory system due to training, deafness, development, or restoration of input to a deaf auditory system. The translational goal of this research is to guide fitting and management options for hearing devices.

Amongst his various university roles, he is currently academic lead for philanthropy within the School of Psychological Sciences (SPS), and one of the Chairs of the University Student Discipline, Complaints and Appeals Committee. He is a former Director of Graduate Matters for SPS.

His professional roles have included Chairman of the British Society of Audiology, Chief Examiner for the Certificate of Audiological Competence (CAC) and Chairman of the Board of Senior Examiners.

He is involved in a variety of public engagement activities.

Memberships of Committees and Professional Bodies

British Society of Audiology

British Academy of Audiology

American Academy of Audiology 

American Auditory Society 

Higher Education Academy


I carry our translational research by asking hypothesis-driven research questions that impact on clinical practice. My research activities generally fall within the following categories:

  • plasticity and ageing in the auditory system
  • assessment and management of hearing disorders (e.g., selection and verification of hearing instruments, off-frequency listening and 'dead regions' in the cochlea, listening effort and fatigue)
  • epidemiology of hearing loss
  • auditory genetics


Teaching is primarily focused on UG and PG programmes in Audiology:

  • Advanced hearing instruments and contemporary trends in aural rehabilitation: BSc3 (HCDI 3221)

  • Dissertation: MSc (PSYC 61616)

  • Research project introduction: MSc (PSYC 64002)

  • Research project: MSc (PSYC 64003)

Contribute to other teaching units including: (i) Auditory Assessment and Management (MSc, PSYC 60095 and PSYC 60651) and (ii) Clinical and Behavioural Neuroscience (MSc, PSYC 60142)


The early career of Kevin J Munro was spent as a hearing health care professional within, or funded by, the National Health Service.  He is a state registered clinical scientist with clinical experience in all areas of adult and paediatric assessment and rehabilitation. He entered academia in 2002, after completing a PhD on the topic of perceptual learning and auditory acclimatisation, in order to pursue a career as a researcher of international calibre.   His research and teaching is motivated by the desire to influence and improve clinical practice for adults and children with hearing and/or balance related disorders. He has a well-established national and international reputation in hearing health care with a proven ability to plan and shape the direction of research and teaching activities.  He has an extensive track record of: i) teaching at undergraduate and postgraduate level, ii) published research, and iii) presenting research findings at conferences and professional meetings.  He attracts research grant support from a variety of sources including MRC, NIHR, charities and international industries.  His research is acknowledged to have made a significant impact on profession, industry and clinical practice. He is actively involved in professional activities at a national and international level. 


PhD in Audiology

MSc in Audiology

PG Diploma Management Studies

BSc Medical Sciences

Collaborators and affiliated staff

Professor David Moore, Cincinatti Childrens Hospital Medical Centre

Professor Brian Moore, University of Cambridge

Professor Suzanne Purdy, University of Auckland

Professor Richard Seewald, University of western Ontario

Dr Harvey Dillon, National Acoustics Laboratory, Australia

Dr Roland Schaette, University College London

Dr Heather Fortnum and Dr Mark Edmondson-Jones, University of Nottingham

Dr Brent Edwards and Dr Sridhar Kalluri, Starkey Hearing Research Centre, USA

Dr Tony Payton, University of Manchester



  • Pepler, A., Lewis, K. & Munro, K (2016).

    Adult hearing-aid users with cochlear dead regions restricted to high frequencies: Implications for amplification. Int J Audiol, 55(1), 20-9. eScholarID:280469 | PMID:26460797 | DOI:10.3109/14992027.2015.1074294


  • Banks, B., Gowen, E., Munro, K. & Adank, P (2015).

    Audiovisual cues benefit recognition of accented speech in noise but not perceptual adaptation. Front Hum Neurosci, 9, 422. eScholarID:280470 | PMID:26283946 | DOI:10.3389/fnhum.2015.00422

  • Banks, B., Gowen, E., Munro, K. & Adank, P (2015).

    Cognitive predictors of perceptual adaptation to accented speech. J Acoust Soc Am, 137(4), 2015-24. eScholarID:280465 | PMID:25920852 | DOI:10.1121/1.4916265

  • Barker, F., Munro, K. & de Lusignan, S (2015).

    Supporting living well with hearing loss: A Delphi review of self-management support. Int J Audiol, 54(10), 691-9. eScholarID:280476 | PMID:25938504 | DOI:10.3109/14992027.2015.1037019

  • Brotherton, H., Plack, C., Maslin, M., Schaette, R. & Munro, K (2015).

    Pump up the volume: could excessive neural gain explain tinnitus and hyperacusis? Audiol Neurootol, 20(4), 273-82. eScholarID:280475 | PMID:26139435 | DOI:10.1159/000430459

  • Dawes, P., Cruickshanks, K., Moore, D., Fortnum, H., Edmondson-Jones, M., McCormack, A. & Munro, K (2015).

    The Effect of Prenatal and Childhood Development on Hearing, Vision and Cognition in Adulthood. PLoS One, 10(8), e0136590. eScholarID:280472 | PMID:26302374 | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0136590

  • Dawes, P., Emsley, R., Cruickshanks, K., Moore, D., Fortnum, H., Edmondson-Jones, M., McCormack, A. & Munro, K (2015).

    Hearing loss and cognition: the role of hearing AIDS, social isolation and depression. PLoS One, 10(3), e0119616. eScholarID:280471 | PMID:25760329 | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0119616

  • Ellis, R. & Munro, K (2015).

    Benefit from, and acclimatization to, frequency compression hearing aids in experienced adult hearing-aid users. Int J Audiol, 54(1), 37-47. eScholarID:280468 | PMID:25470620 | DOI:10.3109/14992027.2014.948217

  • Ellis, R. & Munro, K (2015).

    Predictors of aided speech recognition, with and without frequency compression, in older adults. Int J Audiol, 54(7), 467-75. eScholarID:280473 | PMID:25751599 | DOI:10.3109/14992027.2014.996825

  • Maslin, M., Lloyd, S., Rutherford, S., Freeman, S., King, A., Moore, D. & Munro, K (2015).

    Rapid Increase in Neural Conduction Time in the Adult Human Auditory Brainstem Following Sudden Unilateral Deafness. J Assoc Res Otolaryngol, 16(5), 631-40. eScholarID:281810 | PMID:26055149 | DOI:10.1007/s10162-015-0526-8

  • Maslin, M., Taylor, M., Plack, C. & Munro, K (2015).

    Enhanced intensity discrimination in the intact ear of adults with unilateral deafness. J Acoust Soc Am, 137(6), EL408-14. eScholarID:280466 | PMID:26093448 | DOI:10.1121/1.4914945

  • McCormack, A., Edmondson-Jones, M., Fortnum, H., Dawes, P., Middleton, H., Munro, K. & Moore, D (2015).

    Investigating the association between tinnitus severity and symptoms of depression and anxiety, while controlling for neuroticism, in a large middle-aged UK population. Int J Audiol, 54(9), 599-604. eScholarID:280474 | PMID:25766493 | DOI:10.3109/14992027.2015.1014577

  • Munro, K., Puri, R., Bird, J. & Smith, M (2015).

    Using probe-microphone measurements to improve the match to target gain and frequency response slope, as a function of earmould style, frequency, and input level. Int J Audiol, 1-9. eScholarID:280478 | PMID:26541903 | DOI:10.3109/14992027.2015.1104736

  • Payton, A., Dawes, P., Platt, H., Morton, C., Moore, D., Massey, J., Horan, M., Ollier, W., Munro, K. & Pendleton, N (2015).

    A role for HLA-DRB1*1101 and DRB1*0801 in cognitive ability and its decline with age. Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet, eScholarID:280467 | PMID:26473500 | DOI:10.1002/ajmg.b.32393


  • Dawes P, Fortnum H, Moore DR, Elmsley R, Cruickshanks KJ, Davis AC, Edmondson-Jones M, Norman P, Lutman M, Munro KJ. (2014).

    Hearing in middle age: a population snapshot of 40- and 69-year olds in the United Kingdom. 35(3), e44-e51. eScholarID:242058

  • Dawes P, Munro KJ, Kalluri S, Edwards B. (2014).

    Acclimatization to hearing aids. Ear and Hearing, 35, 203-212. eScholarID:200562

  • Dawes, P., Cruickshanks, K., Moore, D., Edmondson-Jones, M., McCormack, A., Fortnum, H. & Munro, K (2014).

    Cigarette smoking, passive smoking, alcohol consumption, and hearing loss. J Assoc Res Otolaryngol, 15(4), 663-74. eScholarID:236566 | PMID:24899378 | DOI:10.1007/s10162-014-0461-0

  • Dawes, P., Dickinson, C., Emsley, R., Bishop, P., Cruickshanks, K., Edmondson-Jones, M., McCormack, A., Fortnum, H., Moore, D., Norman, P. & Munro, K (2014).

    Vision impairment and dual sensory problems in middle age. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt, 34(4), 479-88. eScholarID:241818 | PMID:24888710 | DOI:10.1111/opo.12138

  • Dawes, P., Maslin, M. & Munro, K (2014).

    'Getting used to' hearing aids from the perspective of adult hearing-aid users. Int J Audiol, 1-10. eScholarID:236564 | PMID:25262670 | DOI:10.3109/14992027.2014.938782

  • Dawes, P., Munro, K., Kalluri, S. & Edwards, B (2014).

    Auditory acclimatization and hearing aids: late auditory evoked potentials and speech recognition following unilateral and bilateral amplification. J Acoust Soc Am, 135(6), 3560-9. eScholarID:236567 | PMID:24907819 | DOI:10.1121/1.4874629

  • Dawes, P., Platt, H., Horan, M., Ollier, W., Munro, K., Pendleton, N. & Payton, A (2014).

    No association between apolipoprotein E or N-Acetyltransferase 2 gene polymorphisms and age-related hearing loss. Laryngoscope, eScholarID:236574 | PMID:25155015 | DOI:10.1002/lary.24898

  • Dickinson, A., Baker, R., Siciliano, C. & Munro, K (2014).

    Adaptation to nonlinear frequency compression in normal-hearing adults: A comparison of training approaches. Int J Audiol, 53(10), 719-29. eScholarID:236565 | PMID:24975233 | DOI:10.3109/14992027.2014.921338

  • Hopkins, K., Khanom, M., Dickinson, A. & Munro, K (2014).

    Benefit from non-linear frequency compression hearing aids in a clinical setting: the effects of duration of experience and severity of high-frequency hearing loss. Int J Audiol, 53(4), 219-28. eScholarID:236563 | PMID:24617592 | DOI:10.3109/14992027.2013.873956

  • McCormack, A., Edmondson-Jones, M., Fortnum, H., Dawes, P., Middleton, H., Munro, K. & Moore, D (2014).

    The prevalence of tinnitus and the relationship with neuroticism in a middle-aged UK population. J Psychosom Res, 76(1), 56-60. eScholarID:236571 | PMID:24360142 | DOI:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2013.08.018

  • McCormack, A., Edmondson-Jones, M., Mellor, D., Dawes, P., Munro, K., Moore, D. & Fortnum, H (2014).

    Association of dietary factors with presence and severity of tinnitus in a middle-aged UK population. PLoS One, 9(12), e114711. eScholarID:280479 | PMID:25503070 | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0114711

  • McGarrigle, R., Munro, K., Dawes, P., Stewart, A., Moore, D., Barry, J. & Amitay, S (2014).

    Listening effort and fatigue: what exactly are we measuring? A British Society of Audiology Cognition in Hearing Special Interest Group 'white paper'. Int J Audiol, 53(7), 433-40. eScholarID:236572 | PMID:24673660 | DOI:10.3109/14992027.2014.890296

  • Moore, D., Edmondson-Jones, M., Dawes, P., Fortnum, H., McCormack, A., Pierzycki, R. & Munro, K (2014).

    Relation between Speech-in-Noise Threshold, Hearing Loss and Cognition from 40-69 Years of Age. PLoS One, 9(9), e107720. eScholarID:236570 | PMID:25229622 | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0107720

  • Moore, D., Edmondson-Jones, M., Dawes, P., Fortnum, H., McCormack, A., Pierzycki, R. & Munro, K (2014).

    Relation between speech-in-noise threshold, hearing loss and cognition from 40-69 years of age. PLoS One, 9(9), e107720. eScholarID:280477 | PMID:25229622 | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0107720

  • Munro, K., Turtle, C. & Schaette, R (2014).

    Plasticity and modified loudness following short-term unilateral deprivation: evidence of multiple gain mechanisms within the auditory system. J Acoust Soc Am, 135(1), 315-22. eScholarID:236569 | PMID:24437771 | DOI:10.1121/1.4835715

  • Pepler A, Munro KJ, Lewis K, Kluk K. (2014).

    Prevalence of cochlear dead regions in new and existing adult hearing aid users. 35(3), e99-e109. eScholarID:242060

  • Pepler, A., Munro, K., Lewis, K. & Kluk, K (2014).

    Repeatability, agreement, and feasibility of using the threshold equalizing noise test and fast psychophysical tuning curves in a clinical setting. Int J Audiol, 53(10), 745-52. eScholarID:236573 | PMID:24909593 | DOI:10.3109/14992027.2014.917207

  • Sharma, M., Purdy, S., Munro, K., Sawaya, K. & Peter, V (2014).

    Effects of broadband noise on cortical evoked auditory responses at different loudness levels in young adults. Neuroreport, 25(5), 312-9. eScholarID:236568 | PMID:24323122 | DOI:10.1097/WNR.0000000000000089


  • Dawes P, Munro KJ, Kalluri S, Edwards B. (2013).

    Unilateral and bilateral hearing aids, spatial release from masking and auditory acclimatization. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 134, 596-606. eScholarID:200563

  • Dawes, P., Hopkins, R. & Munro, K (2013).

    Placebo effects in hearing-aid trials are reliable. Int J Audiol, 52(7), 472-7. eScholarID:200555 | PMID:23594421 | DOI:10.3109/14992027.2013.783718

  • Dawes, P., Munro, K., Kalluri, S. & Edwards, B (2013).

    Brainstem processing following unilateral and bilateral hearing-aid amplification. Neuroreport, 24(6), 271-5. eScholarID:200551 | PMID:23470435 | DOI:10.1097/WNR.0b013e32835f8b30

  • Ellis RJ, Munro KJ. (2013).

    Does cognitive function predict frequency compressed speech recognition in listeners with normal hearing and normal cognition? International Journal of Audiology, 52, 14-22. eScholarID:200542

  • Malicka, A., Munro, K., Baer, T., Baker, R. & Moore, B (2013).

    The Effect of Low-Pass Filtering on Identification of Nonsense Syllables in Quiet by School-Age Children With and Without Cochlear Dead Regions. Ear Hear, 24, 287-291. eScholarID:200557 | PMID:23337997 | DOI:10.1097/AUD.0b013e3182775982

  • Maslin MRD, Munro KJ, El-Deredy W. (2013).

    Source analysis reveals plasticity in the auditory cortex: evidence for reduced hemispheric asymmetries following unilateral deafness. Clin Neurophysiol, 124(2), 391-399. eScholarID:177205 | DOI:10.1016/j.clinph.2012.07.016

  • Maslin, M., Munro, K. & El-Deredy, W (2013).

    Evidence for multiple mechanisms of cortical plasticity: A study of humans with late-onset profound unilateral deafness. Clin Neurophysiol, 124(7), 1414-21. eScholarID:200553 | PMID:23529154 | DOI:10.1016/j.clinph.2012.12.052

  • Maslin, M., Munro, K., Lim, V., Purdy, S. & Hall, D (2013).

    Investigation of cortical and subcortical plasticity following short-term unilateral auditory deprivation in normal hearing adults. Neuroreport, 24(6), 287-91. eScholarID:200554 | PMID:23442438 | DOI:10.1097/WNR.0b013e32835f66ea

  • Munro KJ, Merrett JF. (2013).

    Brainstem plasticity and modified loudness follwoing short-term use of hearing aids. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 113, 343-349. eScholarID:200543

  • Purdy, S., Sharma, M., Munro, K. & Morgan, C (2013).

    Stimulus level effects on speech-evoked obligatory cortical auditory evoked potentials in infants with normal hearing. Clin Neurophysiol, 124(3), 474-80. eScholarID:200560 | PMID:23117114 | DOI:10.1016/j.clinph.2012.09.011


  • Schaette, R., Turtle, C. & Munro, K (2012).

    Reversible induction of phantom auditory sensations through simulated unilateral hearing loss. PLoS One, 7(6), e35238. eScholarID:200556 | PMID:22675466 | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0035238


  • Dawes, P., Powell, S. & Munro, K (2011).

    The Placebo Effect and the Influence of Participant Expectation on Hearing Aid Trials. Ear and hearing, 32(6), 767. eScholarID:146753 | PMID:21730857 | DOI:10.1097/AUD.0b013e3182251a0e

  • Munro, K., Purdy, S., Ahmed, S., Begum, R. & Dillon, H (2011).

    Obligatory cortical auditory evoked potential waveform detection and differentiation using a commercially available clinical system: HEARLabâ„¢. Ear Hear, 32(6), 782-6. eScholarID:146752 | PMID:21566525 | DOI:10.1097/AUD.0b013e318220377e


  • Munro KJ. (2010).

    Audiology. In EC Goldstein (Ed.), Encyclopaedia of Perception. (pp. 128-132). London: Sage. eScholarID:84600

  • Hamilton, A. & Munro, K (2010).

    Uncomfortable loudness levels in experienced unilateral and bilateral hearing aid users: evidence of adaptive plasticity following asymmetrical sensory input? Int J Audiol, 49(9), 667-71. eScholarID:146756 | PMID:20438301 | DOI:10.3109/14992021003713114

  • Howard, C., Munro, K. & Plack, C (2010).

    Listening effort at signal-to-noise ratios that are typical of the school classroom. Int J Audiol, 49(12), 928-32. eScholarID:146758 | PMID:21047295 | DOI:10.3109/14992027.2010.520036

  • Malicka, A., Munro, K. & Baker, R (2010).

    Diagnosing cochlear dead regions in children. Ear & hearing, 31(2), 238. eScholarID:146754 | PMID:19935424 | DOI:10.1097/AUD.0b013e3181c34ccb

  • Munro, K. & Contractor, A (2010).

    Inter-aural attenuation with insert earphones. Int J Audiol, 49(10), 799-801. eScholarID:146757 | PMID:20735285 | DOI:10.3109/14992027.2010.497940

  • Munro, K. & Howlin, E (2010).

    Comparison of real-ear to coupler difference values in the right and left ear of hearing aid users. Ear Hear, 31(1), 146-50. eScholarID:146755 | PMID:19745743 | DOI:10.1097/AUD.0b013e3181b8399b

  • Munro KJ. (2010).

    Brain plasticity: there's more to hearing than your ears. The Hearing Journal, 63, 10-16. eScholarID:116862


  • Beukes, E., Munro, K. & Purdy, S (2009).

    Duration-sensitive neurons in the auditory cortex. Neuroreport, 20(13), 1129-33. eScholarID:146761 | PMID:19597375 | DOI:10.1097/WNR.0b013e32832ea601

  • Malicka, A., Munro, K. & Baker, R (2009).

    Fast method for psychophysical tuning curve measurement in school-age children. Int J Audiol, 48(8), 546-53. eScholarID:146762 | PMID:19842808 | DOI:10.1080/14992020902845899

  • Markessis, E., Nasr-Addine, H., Colin, C., Hoonhorst, I., Collet, G., Deltenre, P., Munro, K. & Moore, B (2009).

    Effect of presentation level on diagnosis of dead regions using the threshold equalizing noise test. Int J Audiol, 48(2), 55-62. eScholarID:146759 | PMID:19219689 | DOI:10.1080/14992020802441807

  • Munro, K. & Blount, J (2009).

    Adaptive plasticity in brainstem of adult listeners following earplug-induced deprivation. J Acoust Soc Am, 126(2), 568-71. eScholarID:146760 | PMID:19640020 | DOI:10.1121/1.3161829


  • Munro KJ, Malikca A. (2008).

    Cochlear dead regions in children: assessment and management issues. In Richard Seewald and John Bamford (Ed.), A sound foundation through early amplification 2007. (pp. 135-150). eScholarID:68256

  • Day J (ed), Green RJ, Munro KJ, Parry G, Shaw P, Wood SA, Brown E, Sutton GJ. (2008).

    Visual reinforcement audiometry testing of infants. A recommended test protocol. (Version 2.0). Newborn Hearing Screening Programme (England)., eScholarID:1d34054

  • Munro, K (2008).

    Reorganization of the Adult Auditory System: Perceptual and Physiological Evidence From Monaural Fitting of Hearing Aids. Trends in amplification, 12(3), 254. eScholarID:146765 | PMID:18694879 | DOI:10.1177/1084713808323483

  • Munro KJ. (2008).

    A tribute to Stuart Gatehouse, 1950-2007. Newsletter of British Academy of Audiology (reproduced in BSA News), 8, 11-15. eScholarID:69605


  • Cairns, S., Frith, R., Munro, K. & Moore, B (2007).

    Repeatability of the TEN(HL) test for detecting cochlear dead regions. Int J Audiol, 46(10), 575-84. eScholarID:146767 | PMID:17922347 | DOI:10.1080/14992020701264128

  • Hall, A., Munro, K. & Heron, J (2007).

    Developmental changes in word recognition threshold from two to five years of age in children with different middle ear status. Int J Audiol, 46(7), 355-61. eScholarID:146764 | PMID:17680467 | DOI:10.1080/14992020701331570

  • Munro, K., Pisareva, N., Parker, D. & Purdy, S (2007).

    Asymmetry in the auditory brainstem response following experience of monaural amplification. Neuroreport, 18(17), 1871-4. eScholarID:146766 | PMID:18090329 | DOI:10.1097/WNR.0b013e3282f1b003

  • Munro, K., Walker, A. & Purdy, S (2007).

    Evidence for adaptive plasticity in elderly monaural hearing aid users. Neuroreport, 18(12), 1237-40. eScholarID:146813 | PMID:17632274 | DOI:10.1097/WNR.0b013e32822025f4

  • Munro KJ. (2007).

    Integrating cochlear dead regions into the hearing aid fitting process. Phonak Focus, 1-20. eScholarID:68267


  • Markessis E, kapadia S, Munro KJ, Moore BCJ. (2006).

    Modification of the TEN test for cochlear dead regions for use with steeply sloping high-frequency hearing loss. 45, 91-98. eScholarID:294630

  • Munro, K. & Millward, K (2006).

    The influence of RECD transducer when deriving real-ear sound pressure level. Ear Hear, 27(4), 409-23. eScholarID:146768 | PMID:16825890 | DOI:10.1097/01.aud.0000224123.22568.82

  • Munro, K. & Trotter, J (2006).

    Preliminary evidence of asymmetry in uncomfortable loudness levels after unilateral hearing aid experience: evidence of functional plasticity in the adult auditory system. Int J Audiol, 45(12), 684-8. eScholarID:146769 | PMID:17132556 | DOI:10.1080/14992020600640444


  • Munro KJ. (2005).

    Update on RECD measures in children. Presented at A sound foundation through early amplification. eScholarID:2d1897

  • Munro, K. & Buttfield, L (2005).

    Comparison of real-ear to coupler difference values in the right and left ear of adults using three earmold configurations. Ear Hear, 26(3), 290-8. eScholarID:146773 | PMID:15937410 | DOI:10.1097/00003446-200506000-00005

  • Munro, K. & Lutman, M (2005).

    Sound quality judgements of new hearing instrument users over a 24-week post-fitting period. Int J Audiol, 44(2), 92-101. eScholarID:146771 | PMID:15913157 | DOI:10.1080/14992020500031090

  • Munro, K. & Lutman, M (2005).

    The influence of visual feedback on closed-set word test performance over time. Int J Audiol, 44(12), 701-5. eScholarID:146774 | PMID:16450921 | DOI:10.1080/14992020500271795

  • Munro, K. & Toal, S (2005).

    Measuring the real-ear to coupler difference transfer function with an insert earphone and a hearing instrument: are they the same? Ear Hear, 26(1), 27-34. eScholarID:146770 | PMID:15692302 | DOI:10.1097/00003446-200502000-00003

  • Munro, K., Felthouse, C., Moore, B. & Kapadia, S (2005).

    Reassessment of cochlear dead regions in hearing-impaired teenagers with severe-to-profound hearing loss. Int J Audiol, 44(8), 470-7. eScholarID:146772 | PMID:16149242 | DOI:10.1080/14992020500145783


  • Munro KJ. (2004).

    Integrating the RECD into the hearing instrument fitting process. eScholarID:3d391

  • Munro, K. & Lutman, M (2004).

    Self-reported outcome in new hearing aid users over a 24-week post-fitting period. Int J Audiol, 43(10), 555-62. eScholarID:146798 | PMID:15724519


  • Moore, B., Killen, T. & Munro, K (2003).

    Application of the TEN test to hearing-impaired teenagers with severe-to-profound hearing loss. Int J Audiol, 42(8), 465-74. eScholarID:146777 | PMID:14658854 | DOI:10.3109/14992020309081516

  • Munro, K. & Davis, J (2003).

    Deriving the real-ear SPL of audiometric data using the "coupler to dial difference" and the "real ear to coupler difference". Ear Hear, 24(2), 100-10. eScholarID:146775 | PMID:12677107 | DOI:10.1097/01.AUD.0000058114.20741.4D

  • Munro, K. & Lutman, M (2003).

    The effect of speech presentation level on measurement of auditory acclimatization to amplified speech. J Acoust Soc Am, 114(1), 484-95. eScholarID:146776 | PMID:12880059 | DOI:10.1121/1.1577556


  • Munro, K. & Salisbury, V (2002).

    Is the real-ear to coupler difference independent of the measurement earphone? Int J Audiol, 41(7), 408-13. eScholarID:146779 | PMID:12403609 | DOI:10.3109/14992020209090418


  • Martin, H., Munro, K. & Lam, M (2001).

    Perforation of the tympanic membrane and its effect on the real-ear-to-coupler difference acoustic transform function. Br J Audiol, 35(4), 259-64. eScholarID:146778 | PMID:11694100

  • Munro, K. & Lazenby, A (2001).

    Use of the 'real-ear to dial difference' to derive real-ear SPL from hearing level obtained with insert earphones. Br J Audiol, 35(5), 297-306. eScholarID:146782 | PMID:11824532


  • Munro, K. & Hatton, N (2000).

    Customized acoustic transform functions and their accuracy at predicting real-ear hearing aid performance. Ear Hear, 21(1), 59-69. eScholarID:146781 | PMID:10708074


  • Munro, K. & Agnew, N (1999).

    A comparison of inter-aural attenuation with the Etymotic ER-3A insert earphone and the Telephonics TDH-39 supra-aural earphone. Br J Audiol, 33(4), 259-62. eScholarID:146784 | PMID:10509860

  • Munro, K., Benton, C. & Marchbanks, R (1999).

    Sonotubometry findings in children at high risk from middle ear effusion. Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci, 24(3), 223-7. eScholarID:146783 | PMID:10384850


  • Munro, K. & Bonnington, C (1998).

    Balancing the caloric-induced nystagmus velocity with cold air and water. Br J Audiol, 32(5), 301-4. eScholarID:146786 | PMID:9845028

  • Munro, K. & Patel, R (1998).

    Are clinical measurements of uncomfortable loudness levels a valid indicator of real-world auditory discomfort? Br J Audiol, 32(5), 287-93. eScholarID:146785 | PMID:9845026


  • Martin, H., Munro, K. & Langer, D (1997).

    Real-ear to coupler differences in children with grommets. Br J Audiol, 31(1), 63-9. eScholarID:146787 | PMID:9056044

  • Munro, K. & Cox, C (1997).

    Investigation of hearing impairment in Cavalier King Charles spaniels using auditory brainstem response audiometry. J Small Anim Pract, 38(1), 2-5. eScholarID:146788 | PMID:9121129

  • Munro, K., Paul, B. & Cox, C (1997).

    Normative auditory brainstem response data for bone conduction in the dog. J Small Anim Pract, 38(8), 353-6. eScholarID:146790 | PMID:9282342

  • Munro, K., Shiu, J. & Cox, C (1997).

    The effect of head size on the auditory brainstem response for two breeds of dog. Br J Audiol, 31(5), 309-14. eScholarID:146791 | PMID:9373740

  • Shiu, J., Munro, K. & Cox, C (1997).

    Normative auditory brainstem response data for hearing threshold and neuro-otological diagnosis in the dog. J Small Anim Pract, 38(3), 103-7. eScholarID:146789 | PMID:9097241


  • Moon, J. & Munro, K (1996).

    A comparison of test-retest variability of caloric induced nystagmus in a normal population using an air stimulus presented via a standard and modified irrigating probe. Br J Audiol, 30(3), 221-6. eScholarID:146794 | PMID:8818249

  • Munro, K. & Dees, D (1996).

    An improvement in hearing sensitivity following hearing-aid fitting in a child with an apparent sensorineural hearing impairment. J Laryngol Otol, 110(4), 362-5. eScholarID:146792 | PMID:8733460

  • Munro, K. & Higson, J (1996).

    The test-retest variability of the caloric test: a comparison of a modified air irrigation with the conventional water technique. Br J Audiol, 30(5), 303-6. eScholarID:146795 | PMID:8922694

  • Munro, K., George, C. & Haacke, N (1996).

    Audiological findings after multichannel cochlear implantation in patients with Mondini dysplasia. Br J Audiol, 30(6), 369-79. eScholarID:146796 | PMID:8985561

  • Munro, K., Nind, L. & Cleaver, V (1996).

    The relationship between uncomfortable loudness level and maximum power output in subjects recently fitted with NHS hearing aids. Br J Audiol, 30(4), 275-85. eScholarID:146793 | PMID:8879692


  • Beynon, G. & Munro, K (1995).

    Measurement of variability in sound field audiometry due to subject movement. Br J Audiol, 29(5), 285-91. eScholarID:146797 | PMID:8838551

  • Munro KJ. Expert commentary on cochlear dead regions. National Library for Health Specialist Library for ENT and Audiology, eScholarID:68268