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Dr Kevin Munro  PhD, MSc

Photograph of Kevin Munro

Ewing Professor of Audiology

School of Psychological Sciences
A3.11 Ellen Wilkinson Building 
University of Manchester
Oxford Road
M13 9PL


Kevin J Munro is Ewing Professor of Audiology within the School of Psychological Sciences (SPS). He is also an Honorary Consultant Clinical Scientist in Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust.

He is head of the Audiology and Deafness (A&D) research group within SPS. The A&D research group aspires to be the leading centre in the UK and a world leader in three broad areas:

  • Bridging basic and translational hearing research

  • Innovative research that translates basic underpinning research into direct benefit to people who have a hearing dysfunction

  • Research that underpins and delivers improved services in health care and education for adults and children with a hearing loss.

Our research underpins, and is informed by, our leading role in audiology education and audiological service delivery in the UK. Our multidisciplinary research team includes professionals in audiology, deaf education and medicine, in addition to scientists’ expert in psychophysics, electrophysiology, signal processing and neural imaging.  Our research is currently grouped into five themes although there is some overlap.  There are also a number of cross-cutting stands including electrophysiological and psychophysical methodologies.

  1. Coding and processing [Theme Lead, Professor Chris Plack]

  2. Clinical assessment and management [Theme Lead, Dr Kai Uus]

  3. Plasticity and ageing [Theme Lead, Professor Kevin J Munro]

  4. Auditory devices and technology [Theme Lead, Dr Michael Stone]

  5. Improving service delivery [Theme Lead, Professor Wendy McCracken]

Kevin J Munro leads the research theme on Plasticity and ageing. This theme is concerned with understanding the changes that occur over time in the auditory system due to training, deafness, development, or restoration of input to a deaf auditory system. The translational goal of this research is to guide fitting and management options for hearing devices.

Amongst his various university roles, he is currently academic lead for philanthropy within the School of Psychological Sciences (SPS), and one of the Chairs of the University Student Discipline, Complaints and Appeals Committee. He is a former Director of Graduate Matters for SPS.

His professional roles have included Chairman of the British Society of Audiology, Chief Examiner for the Certificate of Audiological Competence (CAC) and Chairman of the Board of Senior Examiners.

He is involved in a variety of public engagement activities.

Memberships of Committees and Professional Bodies

British Society of Audiology

British Academy of Audiology

American Academy of Audiology 

American Auditory Society 

Higher Education Academy


I carry our translational research by asking hypothesis-driven research questions that impact on clinical practice. My research activities generally fall within the following categories:

  • plasticity and ageing in the auditory system
  • assessment and management of hearing disorders (e.g., selection and verification of hearing instruments, off-frequency listening and 'dead regions' in the cochlea, listening effort and fatigue)
  • epidemiology of hearing loss
  • auditory genetics


Teaching is primarily focused on UG and PG programmes in Audiology:

  • Advanced hearing instruments and contemporary trends in aural rehabilitation: BSc3 (HCDI 3221)

  • Dissertation: MSc (PSYC 61616)

  • Research project introduction: MSc (PSYC 64002)

  • Research project: MSc (PSYC 64003)

Contribute to other teaching units including: (i) Auditory Assessment and Management (MSc, PSYC 60095 and PSYC 60651) and (ii) Clinical and Behavioural Neuroscience (MSc, PSYC 60142)


The early career of Kevin J Munro was spent as a hearing health care professional within, or funded by, the National Health Service.  He is a state registered clinical scientist with clinical experience in all areas of adult and paediatric assessment and rehabilitation. He entered academia in 2002, after completing a PhD on the topic of perceptual learning and auditory acclimatisation, in order to pursue a career as a researcher of international calibre.   His research and teaching is motivated by the desire to influence and improve clinical practice for adults and children with hearing and/or balance related disorders. He has a well-established national and international reputation in hearing health care with a proven ability to plan and shape the direction of research and teaching activities.  He has an extensive track record of: i) teaching at undergraduate and postgraduate level, ii) published research, and iii) presenting research findings at conferences and professional meetings.  He attracts research grant support from a variety of sources including MRC, NIHR, charities and international industries.  His research is acknowledged to have made a significant impact on profession, industry and clinical practice. He is actively involved in professional activities at a national and international level. 


PhD in Audiology

MSc in Audiology

PG Diploma Management Studies

BSc Medical Sciences

Collaborators and affiliated staff

Professor David Moore, Cincinatti Childrens Hospital Medical Centre

Professor Brian Moore, University of Cambridge

Professor Suzanne Purdy, University of Auckland

Professor Richard Seewald, University of western Ontario

Dr Harvey Dillon, National Acoustics Laboratory, Australia

Dr Roland Schaette, University College London

Dr Heather Fortnum and Dr Mark Edmondson-Jones, University of Nottingham

Dr Brent Edwards and Dr Sridhar Kalluri, Starkey Hearing Research Centre, USA

Dr Tony Payton, University of Manchester



  • Munro, K. J. (2099).

    Expert commentary on cochlear dead regions. National Library for Health Specialist Library for ENT and Audiology.. Publication link: ad03cbfe-a25d-49a6-8bab-fc8c40df9e9b



  • Banks, B., Gowen, E., Munro, K. J., & Adank, P. (2015).

    Audiovisual cues benefit recognition of accented speech in noise but not perceptual adaptation.Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9. 10.3389/fnhum.2015.00422. Publication link: e620fa25-84b9-4e6e-9774-2c8f047090df | DOI:10.3389/fnhum.2015.00422 | PubMed:26283946

  • Banks, B., Gowen, E., Munro, K. J., & Adank, P. (2015).

    Cognitive predictors of perceptual adaptation to accented speech.The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 137(4). 10.1121/1.4916265. Publication link: be604e89-a741-4d47-9a74-2c17ab1026e6 | DOI:10.1121/1.4916265 | PubMed:25920852

  • Barker, F., Munro, K. J., & de Lusignan, S. (2015).

    Supporting living well with hearing loss: A Delphi review of self-management support.International journal of audiology, 54(10). 10.3109/14992027.2015.1037019. Publication link: 2857a87c-f461-412c-9571-594d31fa5739 | DOI:10.3109/14992027.2015.1037019 | PubMed:25938504

  • Brotherton, H., Plack, C. J., Maslin, M., Schaette, R., & Munro, K. J. (2015).

    Pump Up the Volume: Could Excessive Neural Gain Explain Tinnitus and Hyperacusis?. Audiology and Neurotology, 20(4). 10.1159/000430459. Publication link: ed2b8780-d8aa-40c0-a391-bf8c3b3526dd | DOI:10.1159/000430459 | PubMed:26139435

  • Dawes, P., Cruickshanks, K. J., Moore, D. R., Fortnum, H., Edmondson-Jones, M., McCormack, A., & Munro, K. J. (2015).

    The Effect of Prenatal and Childhood Development on Hearing, Vision and Cognition in Adulthood.PLoS ONE, 10(8). 10.1371/journal.pone.0136590. Publication link: b89d653d-6b9e-4746-addf-bff29b6e9278 | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0136590 | PubMed:26302374

  • Dawes, P., Emsley, R., Cruickshanks, K. J., Moore, D. R., Fortnum, H., Edmondson-Jones, M., ... Munro, K. J. (2015).

    Hearing loss and cognition: the role of hearing aids, social isolation and depression. Unknown Journal, 10(3). 10.1371/journal.pone.0119616. Publication link: e26dada1-cc83-4520-8f11-28f96f00b1af | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0119616 | PubMed:25760329

  • Ellis, R. J., & Munro, K. J. (2015).

    Benefit from, and acclimatization to, frequency compression hearing aids in experienced adult hearing-aid users.International journal of audiology, 54(1). 10.3109/14992027.2014.948217. Publication link: 1741b7ff-3ae4-4829-99be-ac53e774248a | DOI:10.3109/14992027.2014.948217 | PubMed:25470620

  • Ellis, R. J., & Munro, K. J. (2015).

    Predictors of aided speech recognition, with and without frequency compression, in older adults.International journal of audiology, 54(7). 10.3109/14992027.2014.996825. Publication link: 5f8dadd5-6b6b-4f53-a01b-028a91c60f8a | DOI:10.3109/14992027.2014.996825 | PubMed:25751599

  • Maslin, M. R. D., Lloyd, S. K., Rutherford, S., Freeman, S., King, A., Moore, D. R., & Munro, K. J. (2015).

    Rapid Increase in Neural Conduction Time in the Adult Human Auditory Brainstem Following Sudden Unilateral Deafness.Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology : JARO, 16(5). 10.1007/s10162-015-0526-8. Publication link: d4b52d92-7010-4186-a14b-65433bc036f3 | DOI:10.1007/s10162-015-0526-8 | PubMed:26055149

  • Maslin, M. R. D., Taylor, M., Plack, C. J., & Munro, K. J. (2015).

    Enhanced intensity discrimination in the intact ear of adults with unilateral deafness.The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 137(6). 10.1121/1.4914945. Publication link: 7c9cc36c-ade6-457f-9a79-1abcd9614204 | DOI:10.1121/1.4914945 | PubMed:26093448

  • McCormack, A., Edmondson-Jones, M., Fortnum, H., Dawes, P. D., Middleton, H., Munro, K. J., & Moore, D. R. (2015).

    Investigating the association between tinnitus severity and symptoms of depression and anxiety, while controlling for neuroticism, in a large middle-aged UK population.International journal of audiology, 54(9). 10.3109/14992027.2015.1014577. Publication link: d32b61b1-857d-45cd-ac13-de86f78d8169 | DOI:10.3109/14992027.2015.1014577 | PubMed:25766493

  • Munro, K. J., Puri, R., Bird, J., & Smith, M. (2015).

    Using probe-microphone measurements to improve the match to target gain and frequency response slope, as a function of earmould style, frequency, and input level.International journal of audiology. 10.3109/14992027.2015.1104736. Publication link: 1eb55c15-1245-4e60-99cc-0607ada067c2 | DOI:10.3109/14992027.2015.1104736 | PubMed:26541903

  • Ollier, W., Payton, A., Dawes, A., Platt, P., Morton, H., Moore, C. C., ... Munro, K. J. (2015).

    A role for HLA-DRB1*1101 and DRB1*0801 in cognitive ability and its decline with age.Unknown Journal. 10.1002/ajmg.b.32393. Publication link: 17a42383-9e32-4f60-a4df-345a678784c6 | DOI:10.1002/ajmg.b.32393 | PubMed:26473500


  • Dawes, P., Cruickshanks, K. J., Moore, D. R., Edmondson-Jones, M., McCormack, A., Fortnum, H., & Munro, K. J. (2014).

    Cigarette smoking, passive smoking, alcohol consumption, and hearing loss. Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology : JARO, 15(4), 663-674. 10.1007/s10162-014-0461-0. Publication link: c35f7069-7043-4827-984b-cfb34c2bd411 | DOI:10.1007/s10162-014-0461-0 | PubMed:24899378

  • Dawes, P., Dickinson, C., Emsley, R., Bishop, P. N., Cruickshanks, K. J., Edmondson-Jones, M., ... Munro, K. (2014).

    Vision impairment and dual sensory problems in middle age. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 34(4), 479-488. 10.1111/opo.12138. Publication link: 1f45db65-d9e3-4f67-8a76-99f376f83cdd | DOI:10.1111/opo.12138 | PubMed:24888710

  • Dawes, P., Fortnum, H., Moore, D. R., Emsley, R., Norman, P., Cruickshanks, K., ... Munro, K. (2014).

    Hearing in middle age: A population snapshot of 40- to 69-year olds in the united kingdom. Ear and Hearing, 35(3), e44-e51. 10.1097/AUD.0000000000000010. Publication link: 8c5138f6-555f-4d29-8ba2-5b7773d019d3 | DOI:10.1097/AUD.0000000000000010 | PubMed:24518430

  • Dawes, P., Maslin, M., & Munro, K. (2014).

    Getting used to hearing aids from the perspective of adult hearing aid users. International Journal of Audiology, 53, 861-870. 10.3109/14992027.2014.938782. Publication link: a0c14a74-0f61-43a8-a8d5-bcd5f0053ae7 | DOI:10.3109/14992027.2014.938782 | PubMed:25262670

  • Dawes, P., Munro, K. J., Kalluri, S., & Edwards, B. (2014).

    Auditory acclimatization and hearing aids: Late auditory evoked potentials and speech recognition following unilateral and bilateral amplification. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 135(6), 3560-3569. 10.1121/1.4874629. Publication link: 07f299c7-7856-4e06-913d-9817e0dd3583 | DOI:10.1121/1.4874629 | PubMed:24907819

  • Dawes, P., Platt, H., Horan, M., Ollier, W., Munro, K., Pendleton, N., & Payton, A. (2014).

    No association between apolipoprotein E or N-Acetyltransferase 2 gene polymorphisms and age-related hearing loss. Laryngoscope, 125(1). 10.1002/lary.24898. Publication link: a76c7b35-df54-4eb7-ba13-e08129bcb668 | DOI:10.1002/lary.24898 | PubMed:25155015

  • Dickinson, A. M., Baker, R., Siciliano, C., & Munro, K. J. (2014).

    Adaptation to nonlinear frequency compression in normal-hearing adults: A comparison of training approaches. International Journal of Audiology, 53(10), 719-729. 10.3109/14992027.2014.921338. Publication link: 8913f16d-ba64-4080-a589-8e101fd1b367 | DOI:10.3109/14992027.2014.921338 | PubMed:24975233

  • Hopkins, K., Khanom, M., Dickinson, A. M., & Munro, K. J. (2014).

    Benefit from non-linear frequency compression hearing aids in a clinical setting: The effects of duration of experience and severity of high-frequency hearing loss. International Journal of Audiology, 53(4), 219-228. 10.3109/14992027.2013.873956. Publication link: c5648da5-863b-448c-8deb-04b576e7f5a4 | DOI:10.3109/14992027.2013.873956 | PubMed:24617592

  • Kluk-de Kort, K., Pepler, A., Munro, K. J., Lewis, K., & Kluk, K. (2014).

    Prevalence of cochlear dead regions in new referrals and existing adult hearing aid users. Ear and Hearing, 35(3), e99-e109. 10.1097/AUD.0000000000000011. Publication link: 8fad4d8c-6aa3-41de-a05e-f4656f06c203 | DOI:10.1097/AUD.0000000000000011 | PubMed:24496291

  • Kluk-de Kort, K., Pepler, A., Munro, K. J., Lewis, K., & Kluk, K. (2014).

    Repeatability, agreement, and feasibility of using the threshold equalizing noise test and fast psychophysical tuning curves in a clinical setting. International Journal of Audiology, 53(10), 745-752. 10.3109/14992027.2014.917207. Publication link: 18c35676-7097-4678-8426-519601d5c11b | DOI:10.3109/14992027.2014.917207 | PubMed:24909593

  • McCormack, A., Edmondson-Jones, M., Fortnum, H., Dawes, P., Middleton, H., Munro, K. J., & Moore, D. R. (2014).

    The prevalence of tinnitus and the relationship with neuroticism in a middle-aged UK population. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 76(1), 56-60. 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2013.08.018. Publication link: 06f6bac3-b67a-4900-bd1d-7d79a6335312 | DOI:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2013.08.018 | PubMed:24360142

  • McCormack, A., Edmondson-Jones, M., Mellor, D., Dawes, P., Munro, K. J., Moore, D. R., & Fortnum, H. (2014).

    Association of dietary factors with presence and severity of tinnitus in a middle-aged UK population.PLoS ONE, 9(12). 10.1371/journal.pone.0114711. Publication link: f5d6b58a-5286-404e-8748-83dc132442d5 | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0114711 | PubMed:25503070

  • McGarrigle, R., Munro, K. J., Dawes, P., Stewart, A. J., Moore, D. R., Barry, J. G., & Amitay, S. (2014).

    Listening effort and fatigue: What exactly are we measuring? A British Society of Audiology Cognition in Hearing Special Interest Group 'white paper'. International Journal of Audiology, 53(7), 433-440. 10.3109/14992027.2014.890296. Publication link: 069bc55a-9628-4525-8368-cb0495d9e158 | DOI:10.3109/14992027.2014.890296 | PubMed:24673660

  • Moore, D. R., Edmondson-Jones, M., Dawes, P., Fortnum, H., McCormack, A., Pierzycki, R. H., & Munro, K. J. (2014).

    Relation between speech-in-noise threshold, hearing loss and cognition from 40-69 years of age. PLoS ONE, 9(9), [e107720]. 10.1371/journal.pone.0107720. Publication link: 92effe1c-2e40-45f7-8055-a5171c4a454d | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0107720 | PubMed:25229622

  • Munro, K. J., Dawes, P., Kalluri, S., & Edwards, B. (2014).

    Acclimatization to hearing aids. Ear and Hearing, 35, 203-212.. Publication link: 50b4fdd5-9773-473b-82aa-17138dc5396d

  • Munro, K. J., Pepler, A., Lewis, K., & Kluk, K. (2014).

    Prevalence of cochlear dead regions in new and existing adult hearing aid users.Unknown Journal, 35(3), e99-e109.. Publication link: 47025232-dcf4-4d48-9871-42b3d6ad5144

  • Munro, K. J., Turtle, C., & Schaette, R. (2014).

    Plasticity and modified loudness following short-term unilateral deprivation: Evidence of multiple gain mechanisms within the auditory system. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 135(1), 315-322. 10.1121/1.4835715. Publication link: 2df09252-0b52-4ddd-9084-b09512b80a7a | DOI:10.1121/1.4835715 | PubMed:24437771

  • Sharma, M., Purdy, S. C., Munro, K. J., Sawaya, K., & Peter, V. (2014).

    Effects of broadband noise on cortical evoked auditory responses at different loudness levels in young adults. NeuroReport, 25(5), 312-319. 10.1097/WNR.0000000000000089. Publication link: c98e996d-3a3f-4631-b996-6522825f487c | DOI:10.1097/WNR.0000000000000089 | PubMed:24323122


  • Dawes, P., Hopkins, R., & Munro, K. J. (2013).

    Placebo effects in hearing-aid trials are reliable. International Journal of Audiology, 52(7), 472-477. 10.3109/14992027.2013.783718. Publication link: e67f62d0-f77b-4f01-9ea9-fb5588db792d | DOI:10.3109/14992027.2013.783718 | PubMed:23594421

  • Dawes, P., Munro, K. J., Kalluri, S., & Edwards, B. (2013).

    Brainstem processing following unilateral and bilateral hearing-aid amplification. NeuroReport, 24(6), 271-275. 10.1097/WNR.0b013e32835f8b30. Publication link: 0127ddaa-cdf1-4526-90f9-dd29d19cda27 | DOI:10.1097/WNR.0b013e32835f8b30 | PubMed:23470435

  • Dawes, P., Munro, K. J., Kalluri, S., & Edwards, B. (2013).

    Unilateral and bilateral hearing aids, spatial release from masking and auditory acclimatization. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 134(1), 596-606. 10.1121/1.4807783. Publication link: 6fd26407-8da6-4936-a399-b455a8008e8f | DOI:10.1121/1.4807783

  • Ellis, R. J., & Munro, K. J. (2013).

    Does cognitive function predict frequency compressed speech recognition in listeners with normal hearing and normal cognition?. International Journal of Audiology, 52(1), 14-22. 10.3109/14992027.2012.721013. Publication link: 009932be-a32c-4e44-bd62-98dd8f8e7727 | DOI:10.3109/14992027.2012.721013

  • Malicka, A. N., Munro, K. J., Baer, T., Baker, R. J., & Moore, B. C. J. (2013).

    The effect of low-pass filtering on identification of nonsense syllables in quiet by school-age children with and without cochlear dead regions. Ear and Hearing, 34(4), 458-469. 10.1097/AUD.0b013e3182775982. Publication link: 8aa2c9d4-d8ec-4621-bed0-23c1d465d2f1 | DOI:10.1097/AUD.0b013e3182775982 | PubMed:23337997

  • Maslin, M. R. D., Munro, K. J., & El-Deredy, W. (2013).

    Evidence for multiple mechanisms of cortical plasticity: A study of humans with late-onset profound unilateral deafness. Clinical Neurophysiology, 124(7), 1414-1421. 10.1016/j.clinph.2012.12.052. Publication link: 97c2548c-d33e-4a8b-b232-0a4003bb02b6 | DOI:10.1016/j.clinph.2012.12.052 | PubMed:23529154

  • Maslin, M. R. D., Munro, K. J., & El-Deredy, W. (2013).

    Source analysis reveals plasticity in the auditory cortex: Evidence for reduced hemispheric asymmetries following unilateral deafness. Clinical Neurophysiology, 124(2), 391-399. 10.1016/j.clinph.2012.07.016. Publication link: e98d0c6f-411c-4ffe-a189-0a528d2bf6a3 | DOI:10.1016/j.clinph.2012.07.016 | PubMed:22925836

  • Maslin, M. R. D., Munro, K. J., Lim, V. K., Purdy, S. C., & Hall, D. A. (2013).

    Investigation of cortical and subcortical plasticity following short-term unilateral auditory deprivation in normal hearing adults. NeuroReport, 24(6), 287-291. 10.1097/WNR.0b013e32835f66ea. Publication link: 4b8f4aa8-df4b-402d-82a8-817853c4e68b | DOI:10.1097/WNR.0b013e32835f66ea | PubMed:23442438

  • Munro, K. J., & Merrett, J. F. (2013).

    Brainstem plasticity and modified loudness follwoing short-term use of hearing aids. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 113, 343-349.. Publication link: ba637af3-c445-4a32-857a-e7ea9ccffcc1

  • Purdy, S. C., Sharma, M., Munro, K. J., & Morgan, C. L. A. (2013).

    Stimulus level effects on speech-evoked obligatory cortical auditory evoked potentials in infants with normal hearing. Clinical Neurophysiology, 124(3), 474-480. 10.1016/j.clinph.2012.09.011. Publication link: 3f9c675f-1172-4cb4-b893-736f9af8dbbf | DOI:10.1016/j.clinph.2012.09.011 | PubMed:23117114






  • Munro, K. J. (2008).

    A tribute to Stuart Gatehouse, 1950-2007. Newsletter of British Academy of Audiology (reproduced in BSA News), 8, 11-15.. Publication link: 11eaf762-b306-4943-8996-cb1abff79ca3

  • Munro, K. J. (2008).

    Reorganization of the adult auditory system: Perceptual and physiological evidence from monaural fitting of hearing aids. Trends in Amplification, 12(3), 254-271. 10.1177/1084713808323483. Publication link: b0d5ce82-706e-4510-b55d-de3284c9c6b1 | DOI:10.1177/1084713808323483 | PubMed:18694879

  • Wood, S. A., Sutton, G. J., Munro, K. J., Day, J., Green, R. J., Parry, G., ... Brown, E. (2008).

    Visual reinforcement audiometry testing of infants. A recommended test protocol. (Version 2.0).Newborn Hearing Screening Programme (England). Publication link: 72544d5e-f9d8-46cb-95a7-866c36f0879c

  • Munro, K. J., Malikca, A., Seewald, R. (Ed.), & Bamford, J. (Ed.) (2008).

    Cochlear dead regions in children: assessment and management issues. In A sound foundation through early amplification 2007: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Paediatric Amplification. (pp. 135-150). Publication link: 7847c125-bc97-49b6-b117-cf8297028bc8



  • Munro, K. J., & Millward, K. E. (2006).

    The influence of RECD transducer when deriving real-ear sound pressure level. Ear and Hearing, 27(4), 409-423. 10.1097/01.aud.0000224123.22568.82. Publication link: 67793132-1a44-4a9b-8384-49688923c56f | DOI:10.1097/01.aud.0000224123.22568.82 | PubMed:16825890

  • Munro, K. J., & Trotter, J. H. (2006).

    Preliminary evidence of asymmetry in uncomfortable loudness levels after unilateral hearing aid experience: Evidence of functional plasticity in the adult auditory system. International journal of audiology, 45(12), 684-688. 10.1080/14992020600640444. Publication link: c73be81a-b934-4298-82cf-264dd2bce882 | DOI:10.1080/14992020600640444 | PubMed:17132556

  • Munro, K. J., Markessis, E., Kapadia, S., & Moore, B. C. J. (2006).

    Modification of the TEN test for cochlear dead regions for use with steeply sloping high-frequency hearing loss. Unknown Journal, 45, 91-98.. Publication link: 579bbca3-3ebd-47b1-8ee3-ef7a63054a79



  • Munro, K. J., & Lutman, M. E. (2004).

    Self-reported outcome in new hearing aid users over a 24-week post-fitting period. International Journal of Audiology, 43(10), 555-562.. Publication link: 6ff5ff18-1901-4ad9-9d6a-4448b8fe538d | PubMed:15724519

  • Munro, K. J. (2004).

    Integrating the RECD into the hearing instrument fitting process. In host publication.. Publication link: c9313eaa-d445-4eb0-8a09-794951bcb7a0




  • Martin, H. C., Munro, K. J., & Lam, M. C. (2001).

    Perforation of the tympanic membrane and its effect on the real-ear-to-coupler difference acoustic transform function. British Journal of Audiology, 35(4), 259-264.. Publication link: 9baf3d17-911c-4ae2-91f3-53dcba0f92b9 | PubMed:11694100

  • Munro, K. J., & Lazenby, A. (2001).

    Use of the 'real-ear to dial difference' to derive real-ear SPL from hearing level obtained with insert earphones. British Journal of Audiology, 35(5), 297-306.. Publication link: a3040035-7ce3-47e2-a4ff-e94e0d75e2b3 | PubMed:11824532


  • Munro, K. J., & Hatton, N. (2000).

    Customized acoustic transform functions and their accuracy at predicting real-ear hearing aid performance. Ear and Hearing, 21(1), 59-69.. Publication link: b34529b8-4f3f-4b68-b954-c6fd79dcaf36 | PubMed:10708074


  • Munro, K. J., & Agnew, N. (1999).

    A comparison of inter-aural attenuation with the Etymotic ER-3A insert earphone and the Telephonics TDH-39 supra-aural earphone. British Journal of Audiology, 33(4), 259-262.. Publication link: 5ad6beb0-6bb4-43c6-b878-a0c9fb6bfecd | PubMed:10509860

  • Munro, K. J., Benton, C. L., & Marchbanks, R. J. (1999).

    Sonotubometry findings in children at high risk from middle ear effusion. Clinical Otolaryngology and Allied Sciences, 24(3), 223-227. 10.1046/j.1365-2273.1999.00251.x. Publication link: 0a07cdb2-89d1-464e-9875-2c560fe104f0 | DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2273.1999.00251.x | PubMed:10384850


  • Munro, K. J., & Bonnington, C. L. (1998).

    Balancing the caloric-induced nystagmus velocity with cold air and water. British Journal of Audiology, 32(5), 301-304.. Publication link: bea7278e-3da3-4146-a09b-0e3f3cd836d7 | PubMed:9845028

  • Munro, K. J., & Patel, R. K. (1998).

    Are clinical measurements of uncomfortable loudness levels a valid indicator of real-world auditory discomfort?. British Journal of Audiology, 32(5), 287-293.. Publication link: 0504e4ab-11ab-4f23-9a81-a491eeb6a9a0 | PubMed:9845026


  • Martin, H. C., Munro, K. J., & Langer, D. H. (1997).

    Real-ear to coupler differences in children with grommets. British Journal of Audiology, 31(1), 63-69.. Publication link: 3aae34ba-9ba6-451e-b2d8-0b7ff1c6c0f5 | PubMed:9056044

  • Munro, K. J., & Cox, C. L. (1997).

    Investigation of hearing impairment in Cavalier King Charles spaniels using auditory brainstem response audiometry. Journal of Small Animal Practice, 38(1), 2-5.. Publication link: e73ec228-4c74-4bcb-863f-67e54d304ffe | PubMed:9121129

  • Munro, K. J., Paul, B., & Cox, C. L. (1997).

    Normative auditory brainstem response data for bone conduction in the dog. Journal of Small Animal Practice, 38(8), 353-356.. Publication link: 6a32b28b-b3ba-4d73-851c-ffbf34dc087f | PubMed:9282342

  • Munro, K. J., Shiu, J. N., & Cox, C. L. (1997).

    The effect of head size on the auditory brainstem response for two breeds of dog. British Journal of Audiology, 31(5), 309-314.. Publication link: eb2ccc26-96b0-4482-ac5a-2998b1591b0d | PubMed:9373740

  • Shiu, J. N., Munro, K. J., & Cox, C. L. (1997).

    Normative auditory brainstem response data for hearing threshold and neuro-otological diagnosis in the dog. Journal of Small Animal Practice, 38(3), 103-107.. Publication link: 5168d832-1f89-47c7-9ce1-87c843438355 | PubMed:9097241


  • Moon, J., & Munro, K. J. (1996).

    A comparison of test-retest variability of caloric induced nystagmus in a normal population using an air stimulus presented via a standard and modified irrigating probe. British Journal of Audiology, 30(3), 221-226.. Publication link: 29c2de78-c1ed-496b-8ed5-b8b380ee37b9 | PubMed:8818249

  • Munro, K. J., & Cafarelli Dees, D. (1996).

    An improvement in hearing sensitivity following hearing-aid fitting in a child with an apparent sensorineural hearing impairment. The Journal of laryngology and otology, 110(4), 362-365.. Publication link: bec0196d-be35-4cdd-a1a5-7735441a0397 | PubMed:8733460

  • Munro, K. J., & Higson, J. M. (1996).

    The test-retest variability of the caloric test: A comparison of a modified air irrigation with the conventional water technique. British Journal of Audiology, 30(5), 303-306.. Publication link: de96043c-ed51-49de-9019-421fd42bf931 | PubMed:8922694

  • Munro, K. J., George, C. R., & Haacke, N. P. (1996).

    Audiological findings after multichannel cochlear implantation in patients with Mondini dysplasia. British Journal of Audiology, 30(6), 369-379.. Publication link: 41d74b57-9b01-4b79-8885-395902850479 | PubMed:8985561

  • Munro, K. J., Nind, L., & Cleaver, V. C. G. (1996).

    The relationship between uncomfortable loudness level and maximum power output in subjects recently fitted with NHS hearing aids. British Journal of Audiology, 30(4), 275-285.. Publication link: f320a448-c47c-4212-9898-c5d9e8451a85 | PubMed:8879692


  • Beynon, G. J., & Munro, K. J. (1995).

    Measurement of variability in sound field audiometry due to subject movement. British Journal of Audiology, 29(5), 285-291.. Publication link: d5c7ca66-6c86-45ad-ae43-19cd102b233e | PubMed:8838551